When debating the war in Ukraine, in the face of the disparate consequences, I decided to share the argument for better understanding. And, obviously, given the importance and potential impact, the humanitarian issue is a priority.
At the time of this publication, and unaware of the potential time gap of the war, the United Nations reported that the impact of the conflict was the highest since the Second World War! And, the provision of humanitarian aid is heavily conditioned, with Mariupol being an example. In such cases, and in the face of Ukraine’s weather conditions, food, clothing and heating energy.
According to the spokesman of the United Nations for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Ukraine, the war has led to the displacement of 11 million people, that is, objectively, 25% of Ukrainians are seeking refuge and security. Of these 11 million, it is estimated that:
- 4 million are external refugees (requests for help from countries like Moldova, Poland, etc.)
- and, half of the Ukrainian population has lost their jobs and/or it is unlikely that in the short term they will get them back
The immediate financial effort of the United Nations, via the Central Emergency Response Fund, responds to the needs of at least 600,000 people and is in the order of 40 million dollars while the country awaits funding. Given the context, the International Committee of the Red Cross has been in dialogue with the warring parties (Russia and Ukraine) on their obligations under International Humanitarian Law (IHL); as well as, what measures limit the suffering of civilians and non-participants in hostilities (includes wounded, sick and prisoners of war).
The criticality of the process aims to urgently create humanitarian corridors, as these configure demilitarized geographic areas to evacuate people and allow the delivery of humanitarian aid to civilians during the armed conflict. Not least because, so far, the corridors and evacuation routes have not presented a neutral, safe, effective and inclusive environment for civilians to leave Ukraine. On the other hand, the combination of strategies of disinformation and temporal ignorance of the conflict does not allow estimating with a high probability of the potential number of displaced persons and/or refugees as well as deaths.
In short, the questions to be asked are simple: i) what is the real reason for the conflict; ii) what are the consequences for a future relationship between Ukraine and Russia; iii) what are the costs of conflict in both countries?; iv) the global scope of the conflict; e) what world geopolitical organization will emerge from this conflict? These and other answers will be a “target” of reflection in the next publications…